Linen

Care
Linen is a relaxed easy-care fabric – it dries quickly and will feel crisp after sun drying but soften immediately.

Cold machine wash. Do not bleach or dry clean. Always avoid tumble drying for environmental reasons.

Ironing is not necessary but if preferred, use a low heat.

Production
Flax plants are harvested by being pulled from the ground, rather than being cut, in order to retain the full length of the fibre. After being pulled, the plants are left in the field to soften to the point where bacteria and fungi become present. This allows the woody section to start breaking down and makes it easier to separate the fibre from the plant. The fibre is collected from the plants and then rolled and stored in shelter for 2-3 months, where it continues to soften. The flax fibres are then combed, to remove excess impurities and shorter or broken fibres. Long fibres (usually used for bed linen) are slightly twisted and then processed using a ‘wet spinning’ technique in order to achieve a smoother and softer yarn, which it’s much nicer to sleep on or wear.

Linen yarns used for sheeting are carefully graded and sorted into different qualities ranging from the extremely fine (Como Linen) to a high standard of regular linen (Dublino and Citi Linen). Flax linen fibre is naturally thicker than cotton fibre. An average linen fabric used for sheeting has a thread count of between 80 and 150. Linen quality depends on the flax plant itself; if the source is low quality the fabric produced will be of similar quality.

Normandy (France) and Belgium are considered the best climates for growing the flax plant. The temperatures and cooler climates are ideal for the cultivation and controlled decomposition of the woody plant.

Dyes take extremely well to linen yarns, so bold rich colours are both achievable and lasting. Pre-washing or stone washing removes any excess colour

Price
Linen comes from the flax plant, and cultivation of these crops is extremely expensive. Linen is more difficult to spin than cotton, and there are many labor-intensive stages to the production process.

Sustainability
Virtually all parts of the flax plant are used in the harvesting process, leaving no footprint. It is a renewable resource, needing very little irrigation (rain only) when grown, and is minimally processed. And being made from a 100% natural fibers, it’s also biodegradable

The seeds are pressed to make linseed oil which is used in floor coverings, such as linoleum, and paint.

Flax growing both respects the environment and preserves the land – as well as the surrounding plants and wildlife. It’s known to improve soil quality, thereby increasing returns of following crops. Thanks to flax growers, 342,000 tonnes of CO2 gas emissions and 38,000 tonnes of petroleum are avoided.

Human health
Doctors recommend that those people who have problematic or hypersensitive skin, suffer from dermatological disorders, have allergies, or are asthmatics sleep on linen bedding. The advantages of linen are innumerable – another one of which is that resting on linen bed sheets will ease the pain and discomfort caused by sunburns.

Flax cells and human cells are complementary to each other at an electronic cellular level. In fact, the human cell can entirely absorb a flax cell.

Decreased radiation
Our homes collect radioactive gas, radon, especially with installation of tight plastic windows. Radon is formed at the disintegration of uranium, contained in the ground as well as building materials. There are only two ways to be protected from the harmful effects of this gas: the first alternative is to keep your windows open at all times - the other is to sleep on linen bedding. The latter curtails the levels of radiation over two-fold and cuts the impact of gamma-radiation in half.

Reduced sensitivity to catarrhal diseases
Recent scientific research indicates that daily contact with linen reduces one’s susceptibility to catarrhal diseases. Such constant contact between the human body and linen fabrics promotes an increase in the blood levels of immunoglobulin A – which, in turn, protects the mucous membranes of the mouth, respiratory tract, and digestive path from microbes and viruses. A deficiency of this element subjects our internal organs, the liver and heart among these, to higher risks of acquiring diseases. Wrapping the body in damp pure linen fabric is believed to cleanse the organism of slags, revitalize the skin, and produce an overall net healing effect on the body.

Medicinal uses
In one such application, strings of flax are used prior to the placement of internal sutures during surgical operations. These strings, then, gradually dissolve within the organism. Pure linen also destroys bad odours. Placing linen insoles in footwear absorbs surpluses of moisture in the internal surfaces of the shoes, which serves to suppress harmful microorganisms, bacteria, and fungi. Recent studies have suggested that female fertility is significantly increased by pure linen sheets - this claim will continue to be tested.

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